Understanding the 5Cs of Credit: Are you Ready for a New Loan?

Financeby Mashum Mollah05 December 2019

5Cs of Credit

Taking out a loan is sometimes a person’s escape to augment current financial difficulties. This is not wrong. The problem lies in your ability to pay up the loan on the date agreed upon because failing to do so will bury you even further down a debt quicksand. If you can take a loan but can’t fulfill your commitment to pay, you are in big trouble. Taking out a loan may be simple but getting out of it is a real test. Before you sign up a loan application form, make sure you know the 5Cs of credit.

To help gauge your creditworthiness, the financial industry, including the experts in financial planning in Utah, encourages an understanding of the 5Cs of credit. This will help measure your ability to pay a loan, based mainly on your character, your work experience, and your current cash flow.

So, what are the 5Cs of Credit?


1. Character

This signifies the reputation of the borrower based on all data of their credit histories. You see, every time you take out a loan, the three credit bureaus namely Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion keep track. They record the detail of your loan and whether or not you can pay it on time.

If you do, then, that’s good for you. You will have a positive credit report that makes lenders’ eyes sparkling. In case you don’t, then, you will have a more difficult time to get approval for a loan or you may get one but you would have to pay for sky-high interests.

Despite your credit score is short from what lenders consider as a passing grade, you can take some measures to help boost your credit score. Start by making timely payments on your monthly dues and keeping balances low on your credit accounts.

2. Capacity

The second C constitutes your ability to pay off a debt, based on your current income and recurring debts. Your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio is an important measure that will show if you can possibly squeeze in payment for another loan into your monthly expenses. Other than your DTI, the lender may also look into your career stability.

3. Capital

The borrower’s ability to put down an amount of money towards investment is a good indication that they can pay up a loan, thus, increases their chances against a rejection. For example, if you are applying for a mortgage, your ability to settle the down payment would be a quick deciding factor for the lender to award the loan.

4. Collateral

Lenders require some form of security and collateral is something they can use to ensure they will not be in a lose-lose situation for approving your loan application. Collateral is an assurance that the lender can repress something valuable from you in case you default on the loan.

5. Conditions

Believe it or not, lenders carefully read through the fine prints of your loan application. They scrutinize how you will be using the money, they make a thorough consideration of the principal amount you intend to borrow and the interest rates it will be subjected to. Other than those conditions, lenders also check on the current economy, industry trends, and legislative changes, which may impact the credit contract.

Taking out a loan may be easy but getting out of it is a real challenge. Before you sign up a loan application form, make sure you understand the 5Cs of credit, which lenders also use to gauge your creditworthiness.

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Mashum Mollah

Mashum Mollah is an entrepreneur, founder and CEO at Viacon, a digital marketing agency that drive visibility, engagement, and proven results. He blogs at thedailynotes.com/.

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